Wild plants around Burwell Castle

Allium ursinum Ramsons
Anthriscus sylvestris Cow Parsley
Anthriscus cerefolium Burr chervil
Apium nodiflorum Fool's water-cress
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-grass
Arum maculatum Arum
Briza media Quaking Grass
Bromopsis erecta Erect Brome
Bryonia dioica White bryony
Caltha palustris Marsh marigold
This was in the wooded part, near the spring. But poor management allowed brambles etc. to cut light levels. By 2019 the plant had died.
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy Bitter-cress
Carex acutiformis Lesser Pond Sedge
Carex flacca Glaucous Sedge
Carex hirta Hairy Sedge
Centaurea nigra Black Knapweed
Chelidonium Majus Great Celandine
Cirsium acaule Dwarf Thistle
Conopodium majus Pignut
First noticed 21016 - but there is a fairly dense patch of them.
Crataegus monogyna Hawthorn
Dactylis glomerata Cocksfoot
Dioscorea communis Black bryony
Epilobium hirsutum Hairy Willowherb
Equisetum arvense Field horsetail
Festuca ovina Sheep‘s Fescue
Galium aparine Cleavers
Galium mollugo Hedge Bedstraw
Galium verum Lady‘s Bedstraw
Glyceria fluitans Floating Sweet-grass
Hedera helix Ivy
Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed
Humulus lupulus Hop
Hypericum perforatum St John's Wort
Iris pseadacorus Yellow iris
Juglans regia Walnut
2010. Seedlings about 2 years old, evidently squirrel-planted. Nearest tree is about 250m distant! One seedling was cut down and the othe is heavily shadowed.
Juncus bulbosus Bulbous Rush
Juncus inflexus Hard Rush
Juncus subnodulosus Blunt-flowered Rush
Leontodon hispidus Rough Hawkbit
Lepidium draba Hoary Cress
Leucanthemum vulgare Ox-eye Daisy
Lotus corniculatus Bird‘s-foot Trefoil
Malva sylvestris Common Mallow
Matricaria discoidea Pineapple weed
Nasturtium x sterile Watercress
The watercress below the spring rarely produces seeds, so is the hybrid (see link). This is evidence that at some time this bed may have been used commercially to grow watercress.
Ornithogalum umbellatum Star-of-Bethlehem
Phalaris arundinacea Reed Canary-grass
Plantago media Hoary Plantain
Primula veris Cowslip
Primula vulgaris Primrose
May have been planted: some are pink so may have hybridised with a cultivar
Prunus spinosa Blackthorn
Ranunculus acris Meadow Buttercup
Ranunculus Ficaria Lesser Celandine
Ranunculus Lingua Great Spearwort
Some ws introduced in the west par of the moat but did not survive.
Rumex acetosa Sorrel
Rumex acetosella Sheep's sorrel
Salvia verbenaca Wild Clary
Sambucus nigra Elder
Sanguisorba minor Salad Burnet
Scabiosa columbaria Small Scabious
Tragopogon pratensis Goat's beard
Trisetum flavescens Yellow Oat-grass
Typha latifolia Great reedmace
Urtica dioica Nettle
Veronica beccabunga Brooklime

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Document URI: nathist.torrens.org /PAWL/Burwell/CastlePlants.html
Last modified: Sat, 22 Feb 2020 19:24:41 GMT
Page first published Wednesday the 23rd of February, 2011.
Page written and © 2011 by Richard Torrens